Clinical Pharmacy is a health science discipline in which pharmacists provide patient
care that optimizes medication therapy and promotes health, wellness, and disease
prevention. The practice of clinical pharmacy embraces the philosophy of
pharmaceutical care; it blends a caring orientation with specialized therapeutic
knowledge, experience, and judgment for the purpose of ensuring optimal patient
outcomes. As a discipline, clinical pharmacy also has an obligation to contribute to the
generation of new knowledge that advances health and quality of life.
Clinical pharmacists care for patients in all health care settings. They possess in-depth
knowledge of medications that is integrated with a foundational understanding of the
biomedical, pharmaceutical, sociobehavioral, and clinical sciences. To achieve desired
therapeutic goals, the clinical pharmacist applies evidence-based therapeutic guidelines,
evolving sciences, emerging technologies, and relevant legal, ethical, social, cultural,
economic and professional principles. Accordingly, clinical pharmacists assume
responsibility and accountability for managing medication therapy in direct patient care
settings, whether practicing independently or in consultation/collaboration with other
health care professionals. Clinical pharmacist researchers generate, disseminate, and
apply new knowledge that contributes to improved health and quality of life.
Within the system of health care, clinical pharmacists are experts in the therapeutic use of
medications. They routinely provide medication therapy evaluations and
recommendations to patients and health care professionals. Clinical pharmacists are a
primary source of scientifically valid information and advice regarding the safe,
appropriate, and cost-effective use of medications.